By Karen Jolly, Catharina Raudvere, Edward Peters

Among the age of St. Augustine and the 16th century reformations magic persevered to be either an issue of well known perform and of realized inquiry. This quantity offers with its use in such contexts as therapeutic and divination and as a facet of the data of nature's occult virtues and secrets and techniques.

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Extra info for The Athlone History of Witchcraft and Magic in Europe. Vol. 3. The Middle Ages

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Hand-made 'depas' (p. 133) cups at Alisar and Kultepe correspond to those of the so-called 'Trojan' phase in Cilicia; at Kultepe there are also wheel-made plates with the same connection, and grey bottles and other Syrian imports which are likewise be observed. is common in Cilicia at this time. The beak-spouted rare in central Anatolia before this period, that it now Other signs may jug, a typically Hittite and it also shape of vessel, may be suspected appears through the influence of the contemporary culture of south-west Anatolia and Cilicia.

Until it comes, one has to take up the position which seems to one to be the most probable in terms of the evidence there is. Accordingly, the historical reconstruction which follows in this book is based on the assumption that Millawanda lay on the shores of the Sea of Marmara, and that Ahhiyawa too was situated, at least in part, in north-west Anatolia, and very probably included territory on the European shores Mycenaeans called themselves. of the Sea of Marmara as well. 31 However, an alternative map 22 is provided, with Millawanda at Miletus and Arzawa in the south-west, 21 and those who disagree with the reconstruction can follow their own geographical pattern and reinterpret the narrative accordingly.

The main one is that Bohemian tin occurs in the form of veindeposits in granite rock, and because of the hardness of this rock it has been claimed that such deposits were completely inaccessible to ancient miners. This is largely true. But even the hardest rock yields in time to natural erosion, and because of this tin-ores may well have been available in quantities sufficient to make exploitation worth while. In fact the importation of tin from Britain, mentioned in the previous paragraph, may well have inspired central European prospectors to look more closely for local supplies.

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