By Philip J. Stern
Nearly because the occasion itself in 1757, the English East India Company's victory over the forces of the nawab of Bengal and the territorial acquisitions that has been perceived because the second while the British Empire in India used to be born. studying the Company's political and highbrow historical past within the century ahead of this intended transformation, The Company-State rethinks this narrative and the character of the early East India corporation itself.
In this publication, Philip J. Stern unearths the historical past of an organization involved now not easily with the base line but in addition with the technological know-how of colonial governance. Stern demonstrates how corporation management wrestled with ordinary early glossy difficulties of political authority, reminiscent of the mutual tasks of topics and rulers; the relationships between legislations, financial system, and sound civil and colonial society; the structure of civic associations starting from tax assortment and non secular perform to international relations and warmaking; and the character of jurisdiction and sovereignty over humans, territory, and the ocean. Their principles emerged from summary ideological, old, and philosophical ideas and from the real-world entanglements of East India corporation staff and governors with a bunch of allies, opponents, and polyglot populations of their abroad plantations. because the corporation formed this colonial polity, it additionally faced moving definitions of country and sovereignty throughout Eurasia that finally laid the basis for the Company's incorporation into the British empire and country in the course of the eighteenth century.
Challenging conventional differences among the economic and imperial eras in British India, in addition to a colonial Atlantic global and a "trading international" of Asia, The Company-State deals a special standpoint at the fragmented nature of kingdom, sovereignty, and empire within the early sleek international.
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Extra info for The Company-State: Corporate Sovereignty and the Early Modern Foundations of the British Empire in India
58 In that same year, the committees considered sparing condemned rebels at St. 62 In settlements, such punctilios were taken even more seriously, marking both hierarchy and authority. Foreigners at Madras and civilians at St. Helena were generally forbidden to wear swords without special permission. ”63 Pomp and pageantry were in fact integral to the constitution of Company government. 64 Fryer described Aungier’s normal “state” as equally lavish: The President has a large Commission, and is Vice-Regis; he has a Council here also and a Guard when he walks or rides abroad, accompanied with a Party of Horse, which are constantly kept in Stables, either for Pleasure or Service.
Helena and Bombay, permitted formal appeals to authorities in England; on the rare occasion when an appeal did happen, as in the case of one “Planting & Peopling Your Colony” 29 Portuguese resident accused of murder at Madras, it was treated a matter of clemency, not a right. ”56 As law and justice served to buttress the Company’s authority within a settlement, it also reinforced a broader vision of a system of settlements, bound together in a network of exchange and movement. Laws, like much experience and experiments in governance from ecological policies to measures for preventing, suppressing, and punishing rebellion, were though to be easily transferable from colony to colony.
7 Charters were thus as valuable for what they permitted one set of subjects to do as for what they proscribed all others from doing. From this followed an intertwined jurisdiction over trade, people, places, and passageways within a “A Sor t of R epublic for the Management of Trade” 43 “Two views of an East Indiaman of the Time of King William III,” National Maritime Museum BHC1676.