By Lillian R. Klein

The Triumph of Irony within the booklet of Judges specializes in the literary caliber of the ebook of Judges. Klein extrapolates the subject of irony within the e-book of Judges, looking to end up that it's the major structural point. She issues out how this literary gadget provides to the general which means and tone of the e-book, and what it finds concerning the tradition of the time. Chronologically divided into sections, Klein explores the narrative and commentates at the literary houses throughout-plot, personality improvement, and determination, in addition to the most subject matter of irony.

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The disparity between the Israelite (human) and Yahwist (divine) perceptions shows the people to be narrowly fixed on occupation of the land at whatever cost; in contrast, Yahweh is concerned with the integrity of the covenant. 6) and emphasis is given to the change in the relationship between Yahweh and his people during the generations that followed Joshua. The human and divine perceptions are subtly reinforced. The verbs which dominate this chapter are those of the 'evil' done by the people: 'did evil', 'served the Baals', 'forsook the Lord', 'whored after' and 'worshipped other gods', 'provoked the Lord to anger'; or those of Yahweh's reaction: 'handed them over to marauders who plundered them', 'sold them to their enemies', 'distressed them'.

We may assume Jael is an Israelite because the text takes care to identify even half-assimilated non-Israelites such as Jael's husband. Kenites have travelled with the Israelites and accepted Yahweh as their God but they do not belong to any Israelite tribe. Jael is not so identified and her actions define her allegiances: she acts for Israel— against the interests of her husband's friendship with Sisera—and is therefore presumed to be an Israelite. Jael is not a judge, and there is no indication that she acts under the spirit of Yahweh.

Yahweh, silent throughout, is only involved when he gives Ehud to Israel as deliverer. 7 Typically, when Israel's actions are counter to Yahweh's will, Yahweh withdraws into silence. Also typically, Yahweh provides impetus only when needed by his covenantal people; otherwise men and women act out their own fate. Should those actions be wholly within the covenant, harmony between Israel and Yahweh and a successful settlement prevails. When Israel acts in an unethical or anti-Yahwist manner, Yahweh leaves the individual and the people to their own devices, to work out their own fate; he does not interfere with humanity's free will.

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