By Robert Leonardi

A learn of the Italian Christian Democratic get together from its delivery to the current day. it's the such a lot winning political occasion in any Western democracy and has been in strength due to the fact that 1945. This booklet analyzes its ideological foundations, citizens, association and ties to the Catholic world.

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There was, however, a basic disagreement among the DC leadership on the exact sequence and form that these events should take. La Pira maintained that the state had to act immediately and with the use of all of its resources to alleviate the sufferings of the poor. Oe Gasperi believed that, first, the forces of production had to be rebuilt before the reallocation of goods among the needy could be contemplated. Otherwise, the state as weil as the economy would go into bankruptcy. The trade unionists saw state intervention less as a form of bureaucratic control of enterprise and more as the control of the workers in the name of the state.

The Catholic Communists believed that the activity of left-wing Catholics must be concentrated on moving the Catholic political forces from their previous positions of 'reactionary liberalism' to one of 'active democracy', and to achieve this goal they feit that they could not join the nascent Christian Democratic Party that had underwritten more traditional approaches to socio-economic reforms. 12 Though most of the Catholic trade unionists insisted that the labour movement had to have a powerful organisation to realise its goals, they maintained that the CGIL had to remain above politics.

State action would be undertaken to: (i) guarantee a more equitable distribution and a higher turnover of wealth by a heavy taxation of inherited property, (ii) ensure the existence of free initiative and competition, and (iii) protect the well-being of the worker through appropriate social provision. Trade unions were to be allowed to organise freely and recognised as legal entities be fore the state. However, strikes would not be allowed to interfere with the economic li fe of the nation. The contending parties would be obliged to seek governmental arbitration of conflicts; in the public sector, strikes would be prohibited.

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