By Mark C. Bartusis

A pronoia used to be one of those conditional supply from the emperor, frequently to infantrymen, of assorted houses and privileges. In huge degree the establishment of pronoia characterised social and financial family members in later Byzantium, and its examine is the learn of later Byzantium. Filling the necessity for a accomplished learn of the establishment, this e-book examines the starting place, evolution and features of pronoia, focusing fairly at the later 13th and fourteenth centuries. however the ebook is far greater than a research of a unmarried establishment. With a huge chronological scope extending from the mid-tenth to the mid-fifteenth century, it comprises the newest realizing of Byzantine agrarian family members, taxation, management and the economic climate, because it offers with kin among the emperor, monastic and lay landholders, together with squaddies and peasants. specific realization is paid to the relation among the pronoia and Western eu, Slavic and heart japanese associations, specifically the Ottoman timar.

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But there’s no way around this. Thus, I approach this subject in several stages. First, I consider the word pronoia, offering a survey (as a historian with no pretensions of being a skilled philologist) of the various meanings that the word pronoia had in the Byzantine era. I feel obliged to apologize in advance for delaying the jump into the actual subject matter of this book, but this preliminary chapter is essential. It is absolutely necessary, to the extent possible, to distinguish “technical” uses of the word pronoia from simple “non-technical” uses, and to exclude the latter from further consideration.

R`egne de l’empereur Alexis I Comn`ene 1081–1118. Ed. Bernard Leib. 3 vols. Paris: Soci´et´e d’´edition “Les Belles Lettres,” 1937–45 Annae Comnenae Alexias. Part 1: Prolegomena and Text. Ed. Diether R. Reinsch and Athanasios Kambylis. CFHB 40/1. Berlin and New York: W. de Gruyter, 2001 xxviii List of abbreviations Bartusis, Late Byzantine Army Bartusis, “Smallholding Soldiers” Byz BZ CFHB Charanis, “Monastic Properties” Charanis, “Social Structure” Chilandar ed. Petit Chilandar ed. ˇ Zivojinovi´ c Choniates, Bonn edn.

De Gr¨unwald, reviewed by P. ” For the publications of these scholars, see the Bibliography of Works Cited. For extended treatments of the history of the study of pronoia since the 1950s, see G. R. Ross, “A Survey 7 8 Introduction The approach That much said, do we know what a pronoia was? The study of pronoia began with Russians studying the Serbian sources, then moving on to Venetian and Dalmatian sources, and only after that settling in with the Byzantine sources. But no matter what the Byzantine sources had to say about pronoia, the evolving understanding of the institution would be colored by the non-Byzantine sources, even if this had no bearing on the Byzantine institution.

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