By Ernst Wurthwein, Alexander Achilles Fischer, Erroll F. Rhodes

This vintage advent to textual feedback of the Hebrew Bible is now totally up to date within the gentle of recent severe versions of the texts and up to date contributions and findings within the a variety of components of historical past of the text-especially the Masoretic textual content, the Septuagint, the Peshitta, and the useless Sea Scrolls-and of textual feedback. a brand new bankruptcy discusses the importance of textual feedback and the heritage of the textual content, and a brand new appendix offers assets for textual examine. comprises 439 black-and-white plates of texts and inscriptions.

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Extra info for The Text of the Old Testament: An Introduction to the Biblia Hebraica

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A system found in some Samaritan manuscripts from the twelfth to the fourteenth century was clearly derived from it. 40 Their signifi37. Manuscripts with this pointing were presumably still available to the editors of the Complutensian Polyglot (1514-1517); cf. pl. 47 and comments. 38. Cf. also the list in ZAW 46 (1928) with seventy magnificent facsimiles. Kahle concludes from the fragments Eb 4 and Eb 8 (from a single manuscript) that an older system using only dots and related to the system of the Eastern Syrians antedated the Babylonian system discussed here (P.

We should note first the division of the entire Old Testament (except the Psalter)29 into open and closed paragraphs (Parashah, plural Parashoth). An open paragraph ( ) is one that starts a new line after an empty or incomplete line; a closed paragraph ( ) is separated from its preceding paragraph by a short space within the line. Eventually this distinction was ignored in the actual written format, but a prefixed or continued to indicate the distinction. 30 A second division of the text into somewhat larger sections of some 452 Sedarim ( "order, sequence").

27:19). It was edited by S. Frensdorff from a Paris manuscript in 1864 (reprint: New York, 1972), and by Fernando Diaz Esteban from a manuscript at Halle in 1975. The Masoretic material was transmitted orally at first, but as it continued to grow it was progressively entered in manuscripts themselves. The language of the Masora is primarily Aramaic, but with some Hebrew as well. Obviously the Masora must be adapted to the particular form of the text for which it is intended. There was accordingly an independent Babylonian Masora54 which differed from the Palestinian in terminology and to some extent in order.

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